The outcome in the Table 2 offered assistance to possess H1 (a), H2 (b), H3 (b), and H4 but not to own H5 and you can H6.
To test the hypothesis related to the relationship between work engagement and the measures of work outcomes: innovative work behavior and task performance were regressed on work engagement consecutively and separately for the two countries. The results in Table 3 showed that a significant proportion of the variance in innovative work behavior (?R 2 = 0.28, F (6,140) = , p < 0.01 for Ethiopia; ?R 2 = 0.38, F (6,140) = , p < 0.01 for South Korea) and task performance (?R 2 = 0.18, F (6,140) = 6.74, p < 0.01 for Ethiopia; ?R 2 = 0. 29, F (6,284) = , p < 0 .01 for South Korea) were explained by work engagement. The standardized path coefficients of work engagement on innovative work behavior (? = 0.56, p < 0.01 and ? = 0.64, p < 0.01) and on task performance (? = 0. 45, p < 0.01 and? = 0.56, p < 0.01) for Ethiopia and South Korea, respectively, indicated positive and significant relationships of work engagement with innovative work behavior and task performance and thus provided support for H7.
5.step 3. Mediational part from work engagement
In testing the hypothesis related to the partial mediational role of work engagement in the link between leadership styles and indicators of outcome behavior, as per Baron and Kenny’s (1986) suggestion, certain conditions need to be met for mediation establishment. First, the predictor variable(s) had to be related to the mediator variable. Second, the mediator had to be related to the predicted variable(s). Third, a significant relationship between the predictor variable(s) and predicted variable(s) was to be reduced for partial mediation to operate when controlling for the mediator variable. As described earlier, the first two conditions were partly met. Thus, for the mediation test, the two indicators of work outcomes were regressed over leadership styles consecutively while controlling for background factors and work engagement. As the results in Table 4 showed, the amount of variance in innovative work behavior explained by leadership styles was reduced from 26% to 9% (?R 2 = 0. 09, F (9,137) = , p < 0.01) for Ethiopia and from 48% to 16% (?R 2 = 0.16, F (9,281) = , p < 0.01) for South Korea, while for task performance reduction was from 20% to 10% (?R 2 = .10, F (9,137) = 7.63, p < 0.01) for Ethiopia and from 21% to 4% (?R 2 = 0.04, F (9,281) = , p < 0.01) for South Korea. Thus, H8 is supported.
With regards to theory 9, (characteristics away from relationship & mediation design along the one or two federal products), this new independently exhibited efficiency elucidated the relationships among designs of leadership, works involvement and you can performs effects had been nearly uniform around the Ethiopia and South Korea examples. Which, H9 try supported.
The present analysis examined relationship among frontrunners appearances, personnel work engagement and several evidence regarding works outcomes and you will looked at an effective mediation brand of performs involvement regarding results of appearances of leaders and you may really works effects certainly one of ICT positives. The fresh new design seen leadership styles (the brand new behavior of management differing out-of effective conversion in order to “non-leadership”) while the antecedent to function wedding and you may innovative functions conclusion and activity efficiency was basically taken since the works effects. In addition, it examined the kind out-of relationship among variables and you can mix-national legitimacy of your recommended design in two separate products from Ethiopia and you may South Korea, places that disagree within their social, social, monetary, and you will scientific profile. The latest received abilities was indeed as follows: